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Glosario de términos


  • Emergency banknote
    At times, central banks maintain a banknote with a different design to that of the banknotes in circulation to respond to large-scale counterfeiting.
  • Exchange
    The action to exchange an amount of banknotes for another equal amount, in different banknotes.
  • Exchange

    The action whereby a very used, legal currency banknote is exchanged for another of equal value. It is also the process whereby the banknote denominations in a monetary system are replaced (changed) by another.

  • Exchange of damaged euro banknotes
    National central banks exchange authentic euro bank notes that are legal tender and are mutilated or damaged when over 50% of the note is presented. If 50% or less is presented it will only be exchanged if proof is provided that the rest has been destroyed. In some cases certain conditions are stipulated, such as the identification of the person requesting the exchange if there are doubts as to the ownership or authenticity of the note.
  • European Technical and Scientific Centre (ETSC)
    A centre for the technical analysis and classification of false euro coins. The ETSC was temporarily set up as an independent administrative entity within the Pessac Mint (France).
  • Equivalent value
    The equivalent in own currency of an amount expressed in another currency.
  • ECU (European Currency Unit)
    The ECU was a basket currency made up of the sum of fixed amounts of twelve out of the fifteen currencies of the EU Member States. The value of the ECU was calculated as a weighted average of the value of its component currencies. The ECU was replaced by the euro on a one-for-one basis on 1 January 1999.
  • Euro
    The name of the single European currency adopted by the European Council at its meeting in Madrid on 15 and 16 December 1995.
  • Europol
    An organism created within the European Union by the Schengen treaties, thanks to which EU Member State police forces share information and provide mutual support to improve efficiency in their respective geographical areas. The European Central Bank has signed a collaboration agreement with Europol to fight against the counterfeiting of euro banknotes.
  • Expert valuation report
    The process of analysing a banknote in order to determine whether said banknote is legitimate or counterfeit. In the latter case, the corresponding type of counterfeiting is determined.
  • Euro symbol (€)

    "The graphic euro symbol (€) is inspired on the Greek letter epsilon and also denotes the first letter of the word ""Europe"". The two parallel lines refer to the stability of the new currency. ""EUR"" is the official abbreviation of the euro registered at the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) and is used in the economic, financial and commercial sphere. The name of the currency appears on euro banknotes both in Latin (EURO) and Greek characters (EYPW)".