The Eurosystem has established for all Member States common test procedures for:
- Euro banknote handling machines.
- Euro banknote authentication devices.
Banknote handling machines are tested for their ability to:
- recognise genuine banknotes and separate them from counterfeits (“counterfeit detection test”),
- sort euro banknotes according to their fitness for circulation (“fitness detection test”),
- check the tracing system ("tracing system test"), when regulatorily required,
- verify the identification of banknotes stained by an intelligent banknote neutralisation system (IBNS), optionally.
There is also a testing procedure to check the ability of authentication devices to recognise genuine euro banknotes and detect counterfeits.
The European Commission has defined, for all euro area countries, a common procedure for the different types of coin processing machines to test their ability to authenticate euro coins.
Equipment manufacturers or their authorised agents (in the case that the manufacturer does not have a representative in the European Union) may request the Banco de España to conduct such tests.