Central Balance Sheet Data Office

Other useful works

IFRS Impact. September 2018

Documents produced by the ERICA (European Records of IFRS Consolidated accounts) WG of the European Committee of Central Balance-Sheet Data Offices to inform about the situation, at the date of drafting the document, regarding the application of the IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) in countries participating in the group (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Turkey) and on the foreseeable effect on databases and analyses performed by central balance sheet data offices.

European non-financial listed groups: Analysis of 2016 data. ERICA (European Records of IFRS Consolidated Accounts) WG. January 2018 

The study presents some highlights of European non financial listed groups included in ERICA (European Records of IFRS Consolidated Accounts) database, on profitability, financial structure, financial debt structure and cost of debt. ERICA is a database for internal use within the members of ECCBSO, composed of around 1,000 European groups, fully representative of the stock markets of the countries participating in the project (Austria, Belgium, France, Italy, Germany, Greece, Portugal and Spain). The data are obtained from publicly available financial statements, having been treated manually, by CBSO statistics and accounting specialists, to be fitted on a standard European format (ERICA format); this manual treatment means, in some cases, the interpretation of the original data, a constraint that readers of this document should bear in mind. 

ERICA (European Records of IFRS Consolidated Accounts) series. ERICA WG. 

The following documents designated “ERICA series” complement the annual report on European non-financial listed groups included in ERICA (European Records of IFRS Consolidated Accounts) database. These “ERICA series” documents include additional information and/or analysis on specific issues, using the ERICA database.

The Use of Accounting Information to Estimate Indicators of Customer and Supplier Payment Periods.

This study uses accounting information drawn from financial statements in order to prepare indicators of days sales outstanding (DSO) and days payable outstanding (DPO), used as proxies for customer and supplier payment periods, respectively. Results are presented for the eight countries participating in the working group: Belgium, Croatia, Germany, France, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Turkey.

BACH Outlook 5 ASSESMENT OF THE TRANSPOSITION INTO NATIONAL LAW OF THE NEW EUROPEAN ACCOUNTING GUIDELINE 2013/34/EU

This document, analyses the impact of the European Union (EU) Directive and its transposition into national law in the participating countries of the BACH-database, assessing their potential impacts. It also presents an appreciation on the degree to which the goals of the Directive have been met, in particular: to reduce the administrative burden on smaller undertakings, to ensure that the requirements for smaller undertakings are to a large extent harmonized and comparable throughout the European Union, and to improve transparency and access to financial information.

BACH Outlook 4 NON-FINANCIAL CORPORATIONS FROM 2007 TO 2014

This document uses BACH data to analyse recent developments in in the non-financial corporations of the following European economies: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal and Spain. This Outlook focuses on the 2008-2009 financial crisis’ immediate impact over non-financial corporations’ profitability and funding structure, as well as on the evolution in the subsequent periods, distinguishing short-term from long-term effects. A breakdown by sector, size and the distribution quartiles for some ratios are provided in order to better illustrate the diversity of situations among each country.

BACH Outlook 3 (Developments in the Deleveraging Process of European Companies: Some Effects on the Asset Side). October 2015

This study presents a description of recent trends in the indebtedness of European non-financial corporation using information from BACH database. In particular, indicators on the financial structure and the composition of the asset side are presented. The analysis includes an assessment of the effects of the financial crisis on the deleveraging process and the investment decisions of European companies, with particular attention is given to the role of firm size and industry affiliation.

Statistics Paper Series. The Bank for the Accounts of Companies Harmonized (BACH) database

This document presents the methodology underpinning BACH (Bank for the Accounts of Companies Harmonized), including the content of the database. It describes the characteristics of national samples and outlines the harmonisation process. BACH is a unique tool for analysing and comparing the financial structure and performance of firms across European countries.

Profitability, equity capitalization and net worth at risk: How resilient are non-financial corporations in a crisis environment? January 2013

The working paper is analyzing mainly the impact of the financial crisis on capital structure and on profitability in the corporate sector in six European countries. The distributions of key financial ratios (profitability, equity capitalization) in the sectors manufacturing, construction and trade and four size classes are compared. Three of the analyzed size classes form the SME category. Companies' profitability was in all size classes heavily impacted by the financial crisis. Also the reaction of the capital structure was similar for all entities. Though the paper also shows that micro entities’ capital structure and profitability are much more heterogeneous than larger entities’. As the institutions contributing to the Study Group have extensive balance sheet data available, the impact of the crisis is also related to a longer timeframe: the last two decades. Further, firms' capability to absorb losses is analyzed with the Net Worth at Risk approach, which the group developed already in its third research paper.

The respective data tables (Annex 2 of the research paper) can be downloaded as an pdf file.

Net Worth at Risk. August 2005

A study that assesses the concept of "net worth at risk ", which is defined as the minimum level of capital a company requires from an empirical viewpoint to avoid becoming insolvent during a recession period lasting two consecutive years in its business sector. The study compares industrial enterprises from Germany, France, Italy and Spain.

Corporate finance in Europe, from 1986 to 1996. November 2000

This is a panel survey on the capitalisation of Austrian, French, German, Italian and Spanish manufacturing companies. It investigates the differences between countries by company size, paying particular attention to the underlying institutional factors. It also studies the relationship between the sources of funding and the assets in which these are invested.

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