Banknotes and coins

Banknote handling equipment

Classification of machines

The banknote handling machines to be tested can be classified as:

  1. customer-operated machines, including:
    • Cash recycling machines (CRMs), i.e. machines which accept euro banknotes and check their authenticity and fitness, and dispense euro banknotes deposited by other customers in previous transactions;
    • combined cash-in machines (CCMs), i.e. machines which accept euro banknotes and check their authenticity, and dispense euro banknotes loaded separately into them but do not recycle euro banknotes deposited by other customers in previous transactions;
    • cash-in machines (CIMs), i.e. machines which accept euro banknotes and check their authenticity, but do not dispense euro banknotes to customers;
    • cash-out-machines (COMs), i.e. other machines which check the authenticity and fitness of euro banknotes before dispensing them to customers;
  2. staff-operated machines, including:
    • banknote processing machines (BPMs), i.e. machines which check the authenticity and fitness of euro banknotes;
    • banknote authentication machines (BAMs), i.e. machines which only check the authenticity of euro banknotes;
    • teller assistant recycling machines (TARMs), i.e. machines operated by cash handlers which store euro banknotes, allow cash handlers to credit or debit customers’ accounts and check the authenticity and fitness of euro banknotes;
    • teller assistant machines (TAMs), i.e. machines operated by cash handlers which store euro banknotes, allow cash handlers to credit or debit customers’ accounts and check the authenticity of euro banknotes.

To be eligible for testing, a type of banknote handling machine must allow the processing of euro banknotes, as well as the classification and treatment of euro banknotes in accordance with Annexes IIa and IIb to Decision ECB/2010/14 without the intervention of the machine operator.

Not covered here: authentication devices excluded from the test procedure

The following banknote handling equipment is not covered by this test procedure:

  1. banknote authentication devices which process single banknotes or batches of banknotes and, without the intervention of the user, classify banknotes as genuine or suspect, but do not automatically physically separate the suspect banknotes from the genuine ones (see list of tested banknote authentication devicesOpens in a new window)
  2. banknote authentication devices that require the user to decide whether a banknote is genuine or not (i.e. verification aids).

Evaluation tests

Banknote handling machines must meet the requirements set forth in European Central Bank Decision of 16 September 2010 (ECB/2010/14) on checking the authenticity and fitness of euro banknotes and their recirculation, amended by European Central Bank Decision of 7 September 2012 (ECB/2012/19), a common procedure throughout the Eurosystem; machine that pass the tests at a national central bank can then be used in any Eurosystem country.

Manufacturers or authorised agents (in the event that the manufacturer does not have a European Union representative) that wish to request testing must follow the steps indicated in the link below:

Application procedure for testing a type of banknote handling machine or type of banknote authentication device at the Bank of SpainOpens in a new window