2023/Q2 Article 06. The role of loans and the ICAS BE in the Eurosystem’s collateral framework in 2023
Serie: Economic Bulletin.
Author: Sergio Gavilá and Lola Morales.
The share of non-marketable assets (mainly bank loans) pledged as collateral in the Eurosystem’s monetary policy credit operations has increased in recent years. The Banco de España’s corporate credit assessment system (ICAS BE) has contributed significantly to this development and may lead to these assets playing a greater role in the future.
- In the wake of the COVID-19 crisis there has been a considerable increase in the share of non-marketable assets in the collateral pledged by Spanish counterparties in Eurosystem financing operations. A significant proportion of these non-marketable assets are loans to firms rated using the Banco de España’s in-house rating system, called ICAS BE.
- There is ample scope to increase the volume of pledged loans with an ICAS BE rating, especially in the case of loans to SMEs.
- Spanish firms’ ICAS BE credit ratings have remained relatively stable in the past year, except in the sectors most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, which have seen a notable improvement.