Research Feature - March 2024

Climate Risk, Soft Information and Credit Supply

Author: Laura Álvarez-Román, Sergio Mayordomo, Carles Vergara-Alert y Xavier Vives.

Summary.We study a model of the impact of climate risk on credit supply and test its predictions using data on all wildfires and corporate loans in Spain. Our findings reveal a significant decrease in credit following climate-driven events. This result is driven by outsider banks (large and diversified), which reduce lending significantly to firms in affected areas. By contrast, due to their access to soft information, local banks (geographically concentrated) reduce their loans to opaque affected firms to a lesser extent without increasing their risk. We also find that employment decreases in affected areas where local banks are not present.

Climate Risk, Soft Information and Credit Supply (170 KB)