Annual Report 2023

Annual Report 2023

Series: Annual Report.

Author: Banco de España.

Full document

Annual Report 2023 (11 MB)


The Annual Report of the Banco de España reviews economic and financial developments in the Spanish economy and the main risks and vulnerabilities it faces in the short and long term.

Foreword by the Governor

Pablo Hernández de Cos


Annual Report Digest

The chapters in a nutshell


Chapter 1

The resilience of the Spanish economy in the European context


Chapter 2

Structural challenges facing the Spanish economy


Chapter 3

The Spanish labour market: current developments, structural trends and labour market policies

Chapter 4

The Spanish housing market: recent changes, risks and affordability problems

Details of the Annual Report 2023

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