Economy of the European Union

From this page you can access thematically grouped Economic Notes, ordered by date of dissemination.

  • 06/08/2019
    The 2019 European Semester and the specific recommendations for Spain  File PDF: Opens in a new window (490 KB) Pilar García Perea, Jorge Martínez Pagés, Antonio Millaruelo de Lafuente and Carmen Sánchez Carretero

    The European Semester is the process during which the European Commission designs and coordinates the Member States’ economic policies. The 2019 cycle began on 21 November 2018 and concluded on 9 July 2019. Overall, the reform drive in the member countries is perceived to have lost significant momentum, particularly in those with macroeconomic imbalances. On the fiscal front, the Stability and Growth Pact rules are a valuable road map ahead of the necessary consolidation of public finances; that said, their effectiveness in the preventive arm is still uncertain. As to structural policies, it would be worth exploring the creation of a national productivity board in those countries without one.

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