Banknotes and coins

Rules for reproduction

The reproduction of euro banknotes is not an unregulated activity. It requires prior authorisation from the central bank of the country in which the reproduction is to be carried out, or from the European Central Bank (ECB) if it is to be carried out in more than one country.

As a general rule reproductions are considered legitimate if they do not entail the risk that the public might confuse them with genuine euro banknotes, provided they meet the following requirements:

  • One side only, equal to or greater than 125% of the width and height of the original, or alternatively equal to or less than 75% of the width and height of the original.
  • Both sides, equal to or greater than 200% of the width and height of the original, or alternatively equal to or less than 50% of the width and height of the original.
  • Reproduction of individual features of the banknote, on a background that is dissimilar to the original.
  • Carried out on material that is clearly different from paper.
  • Intangible reproductions available electronically online, provided that:
    • the word SPECIMEN appears, diagonally across the reproduction, and that its length is at least 75% of the length of the reproduction and its height at least 15% of the width of the reproduction.
    • the resolution of the electronic reproduction in its 100% size does not exceed 72 dpi (dots per inch).

Reproductions which, while not complying with the abovementioned requirements, are not likely to be confused by the public with genuine euro banknotes, may be authorised. In this case authorisation can be applied for via the following link: